"Less is more"
Ludwig Mies Van Der Rohe
A new software application (patented methodology) for seismic exploration via joint analysis of active and passive data obtained through acquisition procedures extremely simple and efficient fundamentally based on the smart exploitation of all the data that can be obtained through a mindful use of a single 3-component geophone (and little more).
What is HoliSurface®?
The software HoliSurface® employs an innovative methodology (patent granted on 01.04.2015), and has been created to fully exploit everything you can do with just one 3-component geophone: Rayleigh and Love waves Group velocities analysis (radial and vertical component) according to FVS (Full Velocity Spectrum) approach, HVSR analysis, MAAM (Miniature Array Analysis of Microtremors) analysis, Vs profile reconstruction, analysis of building vibration (DIN 4150 and UNI 9610).
The word HoliSurface® (briefly HS) is composed by Holistic and Surface and means that the purpose of the method/software is to analyze the propagation of surface waves in a complete way, namely holistic (from Greek ὅλος, "totality").
Acquiring a dataset useful for HoliSurface® analysis is not much different than traditional acquisitions of active seismic aimed, for example, at performing MASW or refraction analysis (the zero time is set by the trigger). The substantial difference is that, to perform HoliSurface® analysis, you have to use only a single 3-component geophone (3C - also said 3D because it is a geophone with three sensors oriented in three spatial orthogonal directions) whose orientation is fundamental. The key point is that the second trace of the output file must represent the radial component (namely the direction that is the axis combining/joining the source and the geophone).
To correctly perform HoliSurface® analysis will be, therefore, necessary to set the NS of the 3-component geophone radial respect to the source.
3D visualization of field and synthetic group-velocity spectra
What kind of analyses can I do with HoliSurface®?
- MFA (Multi Filter Analysis) and HoliSurface® analysis according to Full Velocity Spectrum approach (active seismic): multi-component active seismic by using a single 3C geophone
- Joint analysis of dispersion and HVSR (Horizontal-to-Vertical-Spectral Ratio)
- HVSR (Horizontal to Vertical Spectral Ratio) analysis
- MAAM (Miniature Array Analysis of Microtremors): micro-array passive seismic
- RPM (Rayleigh-wave Particle Motion) curve analysis
- Building Vibrational Analyses coupled and uncoupled
- Vibrations analysis according to UNI 9614 and DIN 4150
Here some introductory videos about some of the HS features
AREA51 device for MAAM acquisitions
Where are published the methods which are implemented in HoliSurface® software application?
- Gaussian-filtered Horizontal Motion (GHM) plots of non-synchronous ambient microtremors for the identification of flexural and torsional modes of a building
Dal Moro G., Weber T., Keller L., 2018, Soil Dynamics and Earthquake Engineering, 112, 243–255
- Improved Holistic Analysis of Rayleigh Waves for Single- and Multi-Offset Data: Joint Inversion of Rayleigh-Wave Particle Motion and Vertical- and Radial-Component Velocity Spectra
Dal Moro G., Moustafa S.R., Al-Arifi N., 2017, Pure and Applied Geophysics, DOI 10.1007/s00024-017-1694-8
- Single- and Multi-Component Inversion of Rayleigh Waves Acquired by a Single 3-Component Geophone: an Illustrative Case Study
Dal Moro G., Puzzilli L. M., 2017, Acta Geodyn. Geomater., Vol. 14, No. 4 (188), 431–444, DOI: 10.13168/AGG.2017.0024
- RPM Analysis and Advanced Joint Processing of a SED (Swiss Seismological Service) Dataset
Dal Moro G., Keller L., 2017, Proceedings of the GNGTS congress (14-16 November 2017 - Trieste, Italy), 693-696
- Analysis of Rayleigh-Wave Particle Motion from Active Seismics
Dal Moro G., Al-Arifi N., Moustafa S.R., 2017, Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America (BSSA), 107, 51-62
- Shear-wave velocity profiling according to three alternative approaches: a comparative case study (Dal Moro G., Moustafa S.R., Keller L., Al-Arifi N., Moustafa S.R., 2016), Journal of Applied Geophysics, 134, 112–124
- Four Geophones for seven possible objective functions: active and passive seismics for tricky areas
Dal Moro G., Invited presentation and Extended Abstract for the Urban Geophysics workshop of the 22nd EAGE Near Surface Geoscience conference (4-8 September 2016 - Barcelona, Spain)
- Less is more: from van der Rohe to the 4-channel system for the efficient and holistic acquisition and analysis of surface waves. An urban case study.
Dal Moro G., Moustafa S.R., Al-Arifi N., 2015. Proceedings of the GNGTS (Gruppo Nazionale Geofisica della Terra Solida - ogs.trieste.it) congress (17-19 November 2015 - Trieste, Italy)
- Geophysikalische In-situ-Bestimmung der Eingangsparameter in die seismischen Standortanalysen am Beispiel des Ambassador House Opfikon
Keller L., Weber T., Dal Moro G., 2015. Proceedings of the 14th D-A-CH conference of the Swiss Society for Earthquake Engineering and Structural Dynamics, Zurich, August 21-21, SIA D0255, ISBN 978-3-03732-060-0
- A Comprehensive Seismic Characterization via Multi-Component Analysis of Active and Passive Data
Dal Moro G., Keller L., Poggi V., 2015, First Break, 33, 45-53
- Efficient acquisition and holistic analysis of Rayleigh waves
Dal Moro G., Moustafa S.R., Al-Arifi N., Proceedings of the Near-Surface EAGE 2015 congress (Turin - Italy) [having received a very high score from the reviewers, the work was invited to be published in Near Surface Geophysics]
- Joint Inversion of Rayleigh-Wave Dispersion and HVSR of Lunar Seismic Data from the Apollo 14 and 16 sites
Dal Moro G., 2015, ICARUS, 254, 338-349
- Unconventional Optimized Surface Wave Acquisition and Analysis: Comparative Tests in a Perilagoon Area
Dal Moro G., Ponta R., Mauro R., 2015), Appl. Geophysics, 114, 158-167
- Surface Wave Analysis for Near Surface Applications
Dal Moro G., 2014), Elsevier, ISBN 978-0-12-800770-9, 252pp (theory, field practice and advanced joint analysis) [see in particular paragraphs 2.2, 7.2 and case studies #2, 6, 8, 12 and 14]
For new papers please regularly visit our publication area. HS users receive case studies and recommendations via newsletter
HoliSurface® from the Alps to the Moon...
Thanks to its simple acquisition procedures and the several utilities to efficiently manage the data and properly present them (handling GPS data, trace selection and filtering, vertical stack and much more), HoliSurface® has been used for the analysis of seismic data of various geological contexts: from the characterization of some sites in the Swiss Alps made for NAGRA "Nationale Genossenschaft für die Lagerung radioaktiver Abfälle" (National Cooperative for the Disposal of Radioactive Waste - Switzerland) to the analysis of seismic data collected by NASA during the Apollo Missions on the Moon (Dal Moro, EAGE Near Surface 2013, see publications).
The above photos show the Mars Rover Curiosity (courtesy of Mattel), the vehicle used for the exploration of the Red Planet.The same way as the Rover efficiently explores very remote and extreme environments, the active and passive methodologies implemented in HoliSurface® require very light and easy-to-carry equipment and limited space, but can nevertheless provide very robust subsurface models.